Herr Jesu Christ, du höchstes Gut

Herr Jesu Christ, du höchstes Gut

BWV 1114 performed by Bart Jacobs
St Bavo's Church, Haarlem

Behind the music

Extra videos
Extra videos

Of pain, arrows and mercy

Helpless melancholy barely turns into hope

The sinner staggers slowly in the direction of Jesus, the ‘Brunnquell aller Gnaden’, with pain in his mind and ‘aimless arrows’ in his soul. For this supplication, Bach chose the key of F minor – melancholy, depressing and black. The major final chord sounds almost as if its creator hardly dares hope for salvation. It is a chorale arrangement for the darker days.

The Neumeister Collection, in which this work is included, shows Bach in his most youthful years, experimenting with forms and techniques, some of which he developed and others he left alone. Herr Jesu Christ, du höchstes Gut, for instance, has two moods, which is a rarity for the usually consistent composer. The figured melody gets going with difficulty, hovering like an aria on its own keyboard above the lower parts. Tenor and bass provide an accompaniment of ‘fore-imitation’: an old technique whereby chorale material takes on a life of its own. After four lines, however, the melody joins the tutti, now without ornamentation, and runs of semiquavers take over the movement. The tension thus rises towards the last line of the chorale, once again in the dissonant mood of the opening, and to the surprising ending.

It is precisely that tension that makes this one of Bart Jacobs’ favourite pieces in the Neumeister Collection. Although it is experimental, it still shows more of the serious composer than of the young, wild Bach.

Neumeister Sammlung, BWV 1090-1120
At the end of 1984, the Bach world was turned upside down. In that year, no fewer than 31 undiscovered organ works by Bach turned up in the library of Yale University. They are included in a manuscript compiled by organist Johann Gottfried Neumeister (1756-1840), which ended up in the United States via Christian Heinrich Rinck and Lowell Mason. It is therefore known as the ‘Neumeister collection’. 

Neumeister copied the larger part of his collection in 1790 from a much older manuscript that has been lost. He selected a variety of popular organ chorales that he could play himself for ordinary church services. The majority are works by two of Bach’s cousins, Johann Michael and Johann Christoph, as well as by Bach himself. There are also arrangements by Friedrich Wilhelm Zachow and Johann Pachelbel, among others. So in his collection, Neumeister gives an idea of the repertoire that would have been familiar to Bach in his younger years. Bach’s own compositions in the Neumeister collection are very old, dating mostly from before 1708 and probably even from around 1700, when Bach was about fifteen years old. Later, Neumeister added a further five chorales that were much newer, written by his own teacher Georg Andreas Sorge.

This recording was made on the famous Müller organ in the Great or St. Bavo Church, in Haarlem. It is a very special instrument from 1738. Both Georg Friedrich Händel and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart travelled to Haarlem to play this organ! Händel was particularly delighted by the unusual Vox Humana register. The organ has over 5000 pipes, divided over 64 registers, with three manuals and a pedal.

Herr Jesu Christ, du höchstes Gut
organ works
Neumeister Sammlung (organ)
circa 1700
Ohrdruf? Arnstadt?

Extra videos

Organist Bart Jacobs

“I feel it's one of the most adult pieces in this collection, the Neumeister Sammlung.”

Vocal texts




  • Release date
    8 September 2017
  • Recording date
    22 September 2016
  • Location
    St Bavo's Church, Haarlem
  • Organist
    Bart Jacobs
  • Organ
    Christian Müller, 1738
  • Director
    Bas Wielenga
  • Music recording
    Guido Tichelman, Bastiaan Kuijt
  • Music edit and mix
    Guido Tichelman
  • Camera
    Bas Wielenga, Jeroen Simons
  • Lights
    Gregoor van de Kamp
  • Interview
    Onno van Ameijde, Marloes Biermans
  • Producer
    Jessie Verbrugh

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