Komm, Jesu, komm
BWV 229 performed by the Netherlands Bach Society
conducted by Stephan MacLeod
Grote Kerk, Naarden
Behind the music
The rough and the straight path
Bach looks to the hereafter with great confidence.
In his very readworthy book Johann Sebastian Bach – Die Motetten, Klaus Hofmann states that singers from Leipzig knew this motet for centuries as ‘Der saure Weg’, after the most difficult phrase in the piece. The path to the source is a straighter one, as although we still do not know precisely for whom Bach wrote this piece, it is anyway clear that he composed it himself. Moreover, we can presume that it is a funeral or memorial motet that was created in Leipzig. One important clue for this is the text, which was written by Paul Thymich in 1684 for the funeral of the headmaster of Thomasschule at the time. Bach took the first and last strophe from the 1697 Wagnerschen Liederbuch. Each verse ends with a reference to Jesus as the ‘straight path’, as in the book of John. The ‘own melody’ referred to in the book has not survived.
With no chorale as a basis, Bach was free to hark back to a classic motet model, by giving each element of meaning its own small part. The first strophe is thus divided into six contrasting sections. ‘Der saure Weg’ with its difficult steps and leaps is one of them, and the aptly expressed ‘Kraft’ that ‘verschwindt’ is another. You sense the hopeful desire for death already in the opening bars and in ‘Ich sehne mich’. The cheerful transition from earth to heaven comes to life in the second ‘Komm, komm’ of the text (‘ich will mich dir ergeben’). ‘Du bist der rechte Weg’ concludes the first verse with a rocking jubilant song for the two choirs.
For the second verse, Bach ‘restricted’ himself to an ingenious aria, in which both choirs unite. But the deceptively simple façade of a four-part chorale conceals a refined tapestry of sounds. Big leaps, difficult runs and exciting harmonies elevate this piece way beyond a simple congregational hymn, and the gentle melody exudes too much ‘Bach’ to be an existing chorale. Finally, there is another moving elaboration on the ‘straight path’ paraphrase, in an expression of deep trust in death and a place in heaven.
Motets, BWV 225-231, 118 and Anh159
Cantatas were Bach’s daily bread and a regular part of his weekly tasks as Cantor of St Thomas’s. His motets were a different case entirely. Apart from the cantata, hardly any new music was played in Leipzig (music was selected instead from the motet collection Florilegium Portense). This gave Bach scope for writing commissioned works for private occasions, often funerals. Unfortunately, probably dozens of these works have been lost. The pieces that did survive have stayed on the repertoire since their composition, unlike Bach’s other vocal works.
The surviving authentic motets – nine works, although research continues – build on a genre with an impressive pedigree. Against the background of strict Renaissance polyphony, the generation of Schütz (1585-1672) borrowed elements from the opulent, polychoral works of Giovanni Gabrieli and gave them a Central-German, Lutheran twist. In Bach’s case, too, the content focused on chorales and biblical passages, whereby worldly madrigalism (or put simply: portraying the words) served only to reinforce the expression of the religious genre.
- Komm, Jesu, komm, mein Leib ist müde
- First and last strophe of a song by Paul Thymich
Komm, Jesu, komm,
mein Leib ist müde.
Die Kraft verschwindt je mehr und mehr,
ich sehne mich
nach deinem Friede;
der saure Weg wird mir zu schwer!
Komm, ich will
mich dir ergeben;
du bist der rechte Weg,
die Wahrheit und das Leben.
Drum schliess ich mich in deine Hände
und sage, Welt, zu guter Nacht!
Eilt gleich mein Lebenslauf zu
ist doch der Geist wohl angebracht.
Er soll bei seinem Schöpfer schweben,
weil Jesus ist und bleibt
der wahre Weg zum Leben.
Come, Jesus, come,
my body is weary,
my strength deserts me more and more,
for thy peace;
life’s bitter path is too much for me!
Come, come, I will
surrender myself to thee,
thou art the right Way,
the Truth and the Life.
And so I place myself in thy hands
and bid thee, world, farewell!
Though the sands of my life
are running out,
the spirit is ready.
It shall hover before its maker,
for Jesus is and remains
the true way to life.
- Release date
- 20 June 2017
- Recording date
- 14 May 2016
- Grote Kerk, Naarden
- Stephan MacLeod
- Orlanda Velez Isidro, Klaartje van Veldhoven, Griet de Geyter, Aleksandra Lewandowska, Marjon Strijk, Hilde van Ruymbeke, Stephanie Pfeffer, Marta Paklar
- Barabás Hegyi, Gemma Jansen, Elena Pozhidaeva, Bernadett Nagy, Marine Fribourg, Victoria Cassano McDonald
- Adriaan de Koster, Wolfgang Frisch, Guy Cutting, Diederik Rooker, Immo Schröder, Ronald Threels
- Matthew Baker, Sebastian Myrus, Pierre-Guy Le Gall White, Martijn de Graaf Bierbrauwer, Michiel Meijer, Jelle Draijer
- Lucia Swarts
- Robert Franenberg
- Benny Aghassi
- Pieter-Jan Belder
- Siebe Henstra
- Fred Jacobs
- Simon Aarden
- Assistant director
- Ferenc Soetman
- Music recording
- Guido Tichelman, Bastiaan Kuijt, Micha de Kanter
- Music edit and mix
- Guido Tichelman
- Bart ten Harkel, Merijn Vrieling, Merlijn Dielemans, Chris Reichgelt, Martijn Struijf
- Zen Bloot, Patrick Galvin
- Video engineer
- Niels Cnossen
- Set technique
- Marco Korzelius
- Data handling
- Jesper Blok
- Project manager nep
- Peter Ribbens
- Marco Meijdam
- Beitske de Jong, Gijs Besseling
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