Meine Seele erhebt den Herren

Meine Seele erhebt den Herren

BWV 648 performed by Reitze Smits
Jacobikerk, Uithuizen

Behind the music

Story
Story
Extra videos
Extra videos
Credits
Credits

A touch of clemency

Bach’s German Magnificat lands smack on the organ.

With the coming of the Reformation, the Gregorian style went out of fashion in Northern Europe, although a few melodies did hold firm in the rising tide of chorales. The most iconic of these was the ancient tonus peregrinus, which was traditionally heard to the words of the Magnificat, in particular. This is also the case in Bach’s own Magnificat, BWV 243, from ca.1733 – just listen to the astoundingly beautiful trio Suscepit Israel and the melody that floats above the voices. Bach had already used the melody previously in the cantata Meine Seele erhebt den Herren, BWV 10, from 1724. And this chorale is a literal arrangement of precisely that cantata, once again with the tonus in the instruments above the interwoven voices. And the text? Er denket der Barmherzigkeit und hilft seinem Diener Israel auf: in Latin… Suscepit Israel! Bach was clearly happy with this poignant effect.

The bass line is equally exceptional. It feels like an ostinato, a regularly repeating bass line, but in fact only the beginning and ending are identical. Along the way, the bass conforms to the harmonies, and the swaying theme jumps from voice to voice. In doing so, the arranger (Bach himself?) follows the original so literally that at certain points the right hand has to help out the left on the lower keyboard. Reitze Smits opted for a modest stop selection, which is a wonderful match for the original duet composition: alto, tenor and continuo, with the tonus peregrinus played above by oboes and trumpets.

Schübler Chorales, BWV 645-650
They may have a number and an epithet, but that does not necessarily mean that Bach wrote the six enchanting Schübler Chorales himself. Five of them are arrangements of known cantata movements – and the sixth may well be an arrangement too, from a lost work. Whereas some people do not doubt the hand of the master and identify a well-considered construction in it, other specialists see a big gap between Bach’s own refined transcriptions and these works that have often been transferred rather literally to the organ. Did the master give this task to his son Wilhelm Friedemann, for example? Did he want to give opportunities to players of more popular music in Clavier-Übung III, as well as to the most virtuoso organists? Were these hits also bestsellers when arranged? Although we do not know the answers, it is a fact that Bach himself owned a copy of Schübler’s publication, which is very interesting for its abundance of improvements and changes by a composer in the latter years of his life.

BWV
648
Title
Meine Seele erhebt den Herren
Instrument
Organ
Genre
organ works
Serie
Schübler-Choräle (organ)
Year
1748-49
City
Leipzig
Reuse
Arrangement for organ of ‘Er denket der Barmherzigkeit’ from cantata BWV 10

Extra videos

Organists on the Schnitger organ

“Schnitger is the Stradivarius of organ building.”

Vocal texs

Original

Translation

Credits

  • Release date
    26 November 2020
  • Recording date
    18 July 2019
  • Location
    Jacobikerk, Uithuizen
  • Organist
    Reitze Smits
  • Organ
    Arp Schnitger, ca. 1700
  • Director and editor
    Robin van Erven Dorens
  • Music recording
    Guido Tichelman, Bastiaan Kuijt
  • Music edit and mix
    Guido Tichelman
  • Camera
    Onno van der Wal
  • Lights
    Gregoor van de Kamp
  • Interview
    Robin van Erven Dorens, Marloes Biermans
  • Producer
    Jessie Verbrugh, Stefan Ebels
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