'Brandenburg' Concerto No. 2 in F major

'Brandenburg' Concerto No. 2 in F major

BWV 1047 performed by the Netherlands Bach Society
conducted by Shunske Sato
TivoliVredenburg, Utrecht

  • Menu
  • 1. Allegro
  • 2. Andante
  • 3. Allegro assai

Behind the music

Story
Story
Extra videos
Extra videos
Credits
Credits

A starring role for the trumpet player

Bach gives everyone a chance to shine.

Like the set of ‘Brandenburg' concertos as a whole, this concerto is also a piece for several instruments: a quartet of trumpet, oboe, recorder and violin is accompanied by a string ensemble and continuo group. The notes on paper would suggest that all four soloists are equal. And of course it all revolves around playing together and a measured balance. Yet one of the soloists is ‘more equal’ than the others, as the trumpet definitely attracts most attention.

The trumpet part has been a tricky issue for centuries – tricky from both a musicological and a technical viewpoint. What sort of trumpet was the part actually written for? And at what pitch were the notes played? In any case, the part was for a truly virtuoso player of the clarino, the high Baroque trumpet (without finger holes!). So in Bach’s day, the trumpet player would undoubtedly have been the star of this concerto. In the background video, trumpet player Mark Geleen explains more about the instrument (and the modern version – with finger holes – that is used nowadays).

The rapid disappearance of this virtuoso trumpet art led to problems soon after Bach’s death. Around 1755 already, when the musician Christian Friedrich Penzel was copying out separate parts, he wrote on the title page of the trumpet part: “Tromba o corno conc.” (trumpet or concert horn), and even more explicitly above the third movement: “Tromba o vero corna da caccia” (either trumpet or hunting horn).

Despite the starring role for the trumpet player, Bach did ensure that the equilibrium was not upset too much. In the slower middle movement, the trumpet player can catch his breath again and the focus shifts to the other three soloists. And even double bass player Robert Franenberg doesn’t feel left out, as he tells in the accompanying documentary. Every so often, Bach moves a musical ‘solo theme’ with fast notes down to the basses. So everyone gets a chance to shine.

Brandenburg concertos, BWV 1046-1051
In March 1721, Bach sent a manuscript from Köthen to Berlin entitled ‘Six concertos with several instruments’ (Six concerts avec plusieurs instruments), dedicated to Christian Ludwig (1677-1734), Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt. In the preface, Bach stated that he had played for the margrave ‘a couple of years ago’ and had promised to send him ‘some of his compositions’. That was probably during a visit to Berlin in March 1719, when Bach had travelled to the Prussian capital to take receipt of a new harpsichord for the court in Köthen. The music that he sent to the margrave a couple of years later (which subsequently became known as the 'Brandenburg' Concertos) was Bach’s ultimate view of the most important large-scale instrumental genre of his day: the concerto.

A concerto nearly always involves a solo instrument (or combination of solo instruments) and an ensemble. The key idea is the alternation between one or more soloists and the whole ensemble, in a sort of light-hearted competition. In the six 'Brandenburg' Concertos, Bach explores every facet of this genre, with regard to both instrumentation and the way in which he handles the form. All the traditionally used string and wind instruments and the harpsichord appear as soloists, the musical forms range from court dances to near-fugues, and the relationship between the solos and tutti instruments is always shifting. Together, the six concertos thus form a virtuoso sample sheet of the Baroque concerto.

BWV
1047
Title
Concerto in F major
Epithet
‘Brandenburg’ Concerto No. 2
Instrument
Trumpet
Genre
orchestral works
Serie
Brandenburg concertos
Year
1719-1720
City
Köthen (but maybe even earlier in Weimar)
Occasion
Dedicated in 1721 to Margrave Christian Ludwig van Brandenburg

Extra videos

Musicians on Brandenburg concertos

“In the Brandenburg concertos there's a certain equality between the strings, brass, winds. Everyone has a very important role to play.”

Mark Geelen on the natural trumpet

“Mark Geelen, trumpet player of the Netherlands Bach Society, builds his own instruments and explains the differences between the various sorts of trumpets.”

Vocal texs

Original

Translation

Credits

  • Release date
    14 October 2021
  • Recording date
    2 October 2018
  • Location
    TivoliVredenburg, Utrecht
  • Violin and direction
    Shunske Sato
  • Trumpet
    Neil Brough
  • Oboe
    Emma Black
  • Recorder
    Pedro Castro
  • Violin 1
    Sayuri Yamagata
  • Violin 2
    Anneke van Haaften
  • Viola da gamba
    Staas Swierstra
  • Cello
    Lucia Swarts
  • Double bass
    Robert Franenberg
  • Bassoon
    Eyal Streett
  • Harpsichord
    Siebe Henstra
  • Director and editor
    Lucas van Woerkum
  • Music recording
    Guido Tichelman, Bastiaan Kuijt, Pim van der Lee
  • Music edit and mix
    Guido Tichelman
  • Camera
    Robert Berger, Nina Badoux, Joas Burggraaf, Jasper Gheluwe
  • Lights
    Zen Bloot
  • Assistant director
    Stijn Berkhouwer
  • Assistant music recording
    Marloes Biermans
  • Set technique
    Alex de Gier
  • Project manager videobrix
    Peter Hazenberg
  • Producer concert
    Marco Meijdam
  • Producer film
    Jessie Verbrugh
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